To “avoid any misunderstanding”!
Francis rushes to clarify Shift in Authority for Liturgical Translations
What do you know! It’s amazing how quickly Francis can move to clarify something he has written when he really wants to.
On Sep. 9, 2017, the Vatican’s Chief Apostate released a motu proprio entitled Magnum Principium, in which he decreed a modification to the 1983 Code of Canon Law. The change concerns the final authority in matters of translation of liturgical texts, which Francis has now shifted away from the “Holy See” to national or regional episcopal conferences. Whereas formerly it was necessary for the Vatican to approve liturgical translations, the role of the “Holy See” is now one merely of confirming what episcopal conferences approve. Although this was pretty evident for those who have eyes to see, the wording in Magnum Principium was sufficiently vague to allow for the usual disagreement between Novus Ordo conservatives and liberals.
On Oct. 13, the French Novus Ordo journal L’Homme Nouveau published an article (in English here) by “Cardinal” Robert Sarah, the Prefect of the so-called Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, who tried to calm the fears of the conservatives. Vaticanist Edward Pentin reported as follows:
Cardinal Robert Sarah has weighed in on Magnum Principium, Pope Francis’ motu proprio on liturgical translations, reassuring the faithful that the Vatican will continue to safeguard any changes or new liturgical translations to ensure they remain faithful to the original Latin.
In an article in the French Catholic journal L’Homme Nouveau, the prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (CDW) confirmed that the motu proprio’s change to Canon 838 — which shifts some responsibility for translating liturgical texts away from the Vatican to local bishops — will still require the Vatican to give approval to any such changes or translations.
The article, officially dated Oct. 1 — the day on which Magnum Principium (The Great Principle) came into effect — bolsters the guidance issued with the motu proprio by Archbishop Arthur Roche, secretary of the CDW. Archbishop Roche stressed that the Vatican’s role in confirming texts remains an “authoritative act” presupposing “fidelity” to the original Latin.
Cardinal Sarah’s statements on the matter contradict those who see the motu proprio as a gateway to more liberal vernacular interpretations of liturgical texts, inconsistent with their Latin original.
(Edward Pentin, “Cardinal Sarah Confirms Vatican Retains Last Word on Translations”, National Catholic Register, Oct. 13, 2017)
Upon hearing this, Mr. John Zuhlsdorf (“Fr. Z”) couldn’t contain his excitement:
People ran around with their hair on fire a while back when Pope Francis changed the process by which translations of the liturgical texts are prepared. He gave a greater role to bishops conferences.
I read today at the National Catholic Register that Robert Card. Sarah, Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments, confirms that the Holy See retains the last word on the translations.
Of course. It can’t be any other way.
(“Card. Sarah: Holy See has last word on liturgical translations”, Fr. Z’s Blog, Oct. 13, 2017)
Unfortunately, “Cardinal” Sarah had failed to check with his boss beforehand, and of course we know that when Mr. Z declares that something “can’t be any other way”, this means exactly nothing (although he wants you to keep buying his coffee mugs anyway).
On Sep. 30, Mr. Sarah had sent a copy of his article to “Pope” Francis, who rushed to clarify that Sarah had misunderstood the true intentions behind Magnum Principium. Dated Oct. 15, 2017, the Jesuit apostate sent the following missive to the head of the Congregation for Divine Worship:
I have received your letter of September 30, with which you graciously wished to express to me your gratitude for the publication of the Motu Proprio Magnum Principium [MP], and to send me an explanatory note, or “Commentaire,” aimed at providing a better understanding of this text.
In offering my sincere gratitude for your efforts and contribution, I would like to express simply, and I hope clearly, several observations regarding the abovementioned note which I believe are important especially for the application and proper understanding of the Motu Proprio, and to avoid any misunderstanding.
First, it is necessary to highlight the importance of the clear difference the new MP establishes between recognitio and confirmation, laid down in §§ 2 and 3 of can. 838, to abrogate the practices adopted by the Dicastery following Liturgiam authenticam (LA) and which the new Motu Proprio wished to modify. One cannot say therefore that recognitio and confirmatio are “strictly synonymous (or) are interchangeable” or “are interchangeable with respect to the responsibility of the Holy See.”
In fact, the new can. 838, through the distinction between recognitio and confirmatio, asserts the various responsibilities of the Holy See in the exercise of these two actions, as well as that of the Episcopal Conferences. Magnum Principium no longer holds that translations must conform on all points to the norms of Liturgiam authenticam, as was done in the past. That is why the individual numbers of LA must be carefully re-understood, including nn. 79-84, so as to distinguish what is being asked by the code for the translation and what is required for legitimate adaptations. It is therefore clear that several numbers of LA have been abrogated or are no longer in force, being replaced by the terms in which they were reformulated by the new canon of the MP (e.g. n. 76 and also n. 80).
Regarding the responsibility of Episcopal Conferences to translate “fideliter,” [faithfully] it should be clarified that judgement of the fidelity to the Latin and any needed corrections was the task of the Dicastery, while now the norm grants to the Episcopal Conferences the faculty of judging the quality and consistency of each in the translations from the original, although in dialogue with the Holy See. The confirmatio no longer presupposes, therefore, a detailed word by word examination, except in obvious cases that may be presented to the Bishops for their further reflection. This applies in particular to the relevant formulae, such as the Eucharistic Prayers and especially the Sacramental formulae approved by the Holy Father. The confirmatio also takes into account the integrity of the book, i.e. it verifies that all of the parts that make up the editio typica have been translated.
Here we can add that, in light of the MP, the “fideliter” of § 3 of the canon implies a triple fidelity: to the original text in primis; to the particular language into which it is translated and, lastly, to the comprehension of the text by the recipients (cf. Institutio Generalis Missalis Romani nn. 391- 392).
In this sense the recognitio indicates only the verification and protection of conformity to the law and the communion of the Church. The process of translating major liturgical texts (e.g. Sacramental formulae, the Creed, the Pater noster) into a language — from which they are considered authentic translations — should not lead to a spirit of “imposition” on the Episcopal Conferences of a given translation done by the Dicastery, since this would violate the right of the Bishops laid down in the canon and formerly by SC 36 § 4. Moreover, one should keep in mind the analogy with can. 825 § 1 regarding the version of Sacred Scripture, which does not require the confirmatio by the Holy See.
It is incorrect to attribute to the confirmatio the aim of the recognitio (i.e., “to protect and ensure conformity to the law”). Of course, the confirmatio is not a merely formal act but is necessary for the edition of the “translated” liturgical book: it is granted after the version has been submitted to the Holy See for the ratification of the Bishops’ approval, in a spirit of dialogue and assistance in reflecting if and when necessary, respecting rights and duties, keeping in mind the legality of the process followed, and its procedures.
Lastly, your Eminence, I reiterate my fraternal gratitude for your efforts and noticing that the “Commentaire” note was published on several websites, and wrongly attributed to your person, I ask you kindly to see to disseminating this, my response, on the same sites, and to sending it to all Episcopal Conferences, and to the Members and Consultors of this Dicastery.
(Antipope Francis, Letter to “Cardinal” Sarah; published in “Pope Francis publicly corrects Cardinal Sarah over new liturgy rules”, Life Site, Oct. 23, 2017; italics given.)
That Francis has indeed shifted power from the Unholy See to the Novus Ordo bishops’ conferences is not surprising. Our own assessment of how Magnum Principium would be applied in practice was this:
It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to predict that what will happen in actual practice is that we will see a virtual Babel of local and regional translations proposed by the Novus Ordo bishops, and the Vatican will just give the nod of approval more or less automatically to virtually all of them. We will probably also see “priests” and “bishops” using their own words for all sorts of liturgical things and daring the Vatican to intervene, which will happen only after a long time and only in the rarest of cases.
This isn’t mere speculation. This is simply how the Novus Ordo Sect operates, as we’ve witnessed for decades.
(“Francis allows local Bishops’ Conferences to Approve Liturgical Translations”, Novus Ordo Wire, Sep. 9, 2017)
What is surprising in all this is that Francis has gone out of his way to clarify the matter so explicitly and so quickly. He even explained that his unusual move was meant “to avoid any misunderstanding” — amazing!
Here we see that Francis is quite capable of clarifying things that are unclear, if he so desires. The fact that he has refused to clarify the confusion about his infernal exhortation Amoris Laetitia, specifically the famous Dubia, speaks volumes. On the issue of giving the Novus Ordo sacraments to unrepentant adulterers and fornicators, he is simply not interested in “avoiding any misunderstanding”!
While there are some who like to think that a refusal on his part to clarify things means he is not pertinacious in his promotion of heresy, precisely the opposite is the case: His unwillingness to clarify, when he is entirely able, that ambiguous or vague statements must be understood in an orthodox sense only, is another piece of evidence that the man is a true and proper heretic, one who precisely intends heresy (or other error) to be taken from his words. That is entirely consistent with the carefree attitude towards heresy he has manifested in other occasions, such as:
- Francis shrugs off Accusations of Heresy against “Cardinal” Kasper
- Francis says he doesn’t know (or care) if his Teaching is Heretical
Francis isn’t some poor, misguided, innocent lamb who just cannot help himself. His attacks on the Faith, on the Church, on morals, and on disciple (such as these) are well calculated and entirely deliberate.
If truth be told, we are not in need of any clarifications. There is nothing left to clarify — the matter is as clear as day for all who are willing to look. Francis loves to generate chaos and confusion and is even happy to create a full-blown schism if need be. He could express himself clearly and without ambiguity if he wanted to. In fact, just the other did he did precisely that with regard to the death penalty:
It must be clearly stated that the death penalty is an inhumane measure that, regardless of how it is carried out, abases human dignity. It is per se contrary to the Gospel, because it entails the willful suppression of a human life that never ceases to be sacred in the eyes of its Creator and of which – ultimately – only God is the true judge and guarantor. No man, “not even a murderer, loses his personal dignity” (Letter to the President of the International Commission against the Death Penalty, 20 March 2015), because God is a Father who always awaits the return of his children who, knowing that they have made mistakes, ask for forgiveness and begin a new life. No one ought to be deprived not only of life, but also of the chance for a moral and existential redemption that in turn can benefit the community.
(Antipope Francis, “Address to Participants in the Meeting Promoted by the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization”, Vatican.va, Oct. 12, 2017)
This is nothing but poppycock but that’s not even the point now. The point is that Francis can be clear when he wishes to be. And when is clear and does clarify something, it is typically in favor of heterodoxy, not orthodoxy; it is to the detriment of the Faith and the Church, not to their defense.
So, to all those who are constantly petition Francis for a clarification on this or that, we have one piece of advice: Be careful what you ask for.
Image source: shutterstock.com
“So, to all those who are constantly petition Francis for a clarification on this or that, we have one piece of advice: Be careful what you ask for.”
Novus ordo “traditionalist” answer: “But he did not say it Ex-cathedra.”
Well he said it as an official discharge of his duties. So isn’t it ex-cathedra? (Well of course it can’t be since he isn’t Pope, I know). I guess I am asking, does ex cathedra imply infaillability, or is it simply one of the conditions of infaillability? The others being on faith or morals and being binding.
It’s an ignorant excuse of a cop-out if the ever was one by the r&r.
They seem oblivious as to how the universal ordinary magisterium is binding to Catholics..
I know but Im still wondering about the correct usage of ex catherdra. Many seem to think that ex cathedra was only invoked twice. Once for Assumption and once for Immaculate Conception. I think the term is more broad than only when a Pope intends to bind.
Perhaps NOW can help me out here.
First we need to remember that not only the Roman Pontiff is infallible (under certain conditions) but also the bishops collectively when teaching in union with the Roman Pontiff (under certain conditions).
It is not just in ex cathedra pronouncements (which are extaordinary) that the Pope teaches infallibly. With Fr. Joachim Salaverri, SJ, we can affirm: “The Roman Pontiff uses this ordinary way of teaching infallibly when in matters of faith and morals with his ordinary and universal Magisterium he proposes some doctrine that must be believed or held absolutely” (De Ecclesia, n. 648)
I think a good example of that would be the teaching on submission to the Pope in the bull “Unam Sanctam” by Pope Boniface VIII: “Furthermore, we declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff” (Denz. 469)
Oftentimes, however, the question of infallibility is raised when another issue is meant, namely, the question of adherence to the papal Magisterium, regardless of whether it is infallible or not. Too many people think that submission is owed only to infallible judgments, and that unless a teaching is proposed under infallible conditions, then it is just optional, a mere “opinion”. That is totally false. The whole matter is explained here:
Infallible pronouncements (Excathedra) are, as you say, instantly binding. That is part of the Extraordinary Universal Magisterium (EUM) of the Church.
That said, imagine if Catholics had to wait for an infallible pronouncement in order to take heed a decree and or proclamation of the Church? We would have to wait 150 years (on average) in order for a Catholic to be “bound”.
Remember we also have the Universal ordinary magisterium. (The one the R&R folks are oblivious to since 60+ years ago):
The second way that an infallible teaching is taught to Catholics is through the Ordinary Magisterium, which is the more common and typical manner, hence the reason why it’s called ordinary. This teaching of the popes is consistent, constant, and universal through their various documents, letters, papal encyclicals, decrees, and so on.
It’s never a new doctrine but rather one that has been taught ubique, semper et ab omnibus (Latin for everywhere, always and by all). In other words, when the pope reinforces, reiterates, or restates the consistent teaching of his predecessors and of the bishops united with him around the world, that’s considered the Ordinary Magisterium and should be treated as infallible doctrine.
Yes I understand that, but does ex cathedra imply inffaillibility or is it a condition for infaillability?
These might be helpful: http://www.the-pope.com/theolnotes.html
Here it Tom.
The definition of papal infallibility as it was promulgated at the First Vatican Council in 1870:
Faithfully adhering to the tradition received from the beginning of the Christian faith … we teach and define that it is a dogma divinely revealed that the Roman Pontiff, when he speaks ex cathedra, that is when in discharge of the office of pastor and teacher of all Christians, by virture of his supreme Apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine regardging faith and morals to be held by the universal Church, by the divine assistance promised him in Blessed Peter, is possessed of that infallibility with which the Divine Redeemer willed that His Church should be endowed for degining doctrine regarding faith and morals; and that, therefore, such definitions of the Roman Pontiffs are irreformable of themselves, and not from the consent of the Church.
So to sum up, the requirements (conditions) for a decree to be infallible (on the spot, as it were) Ex-Cathedra are four:
1.- The Pope must teach as supreme doctor (teacher) of the whole world.
2.- The Pope must be defining a doctrine of faith or morals.
3.- The Pope must make his intention known by clear words that he is defining a doctrine contained in the deposit of faith, and binding upon the consciences of men. Such ex cathedra introductions as “We declare,” “We define,” or “We pronounce,” are customarily prefixed to the actual definition.
4.-The Pope must attach the sanction of anathema to the decree, either explicitly or implicitly. In other words, since obedience to superiors is necessary for salvation, the anathema means that the representative of Christ on earth intends to avail himself of the full height of his God-given authority and command our intellectual assent.
From what I understand, in pre-vatican II seminaries, Quanta Cura was traditionally used as an example of an infallible decree of a Roman Pontiff. Annexed to the encyclical was a Syllabus of Errors. The errors condemned by PIUS IX in Quanta Cura and in the Syllabus were regarding religious liberty, liberty of conscience, and all sorts of liberalism. It would be a good thing for all of us to study that Encyclical and its syllabus.
The condemnation paragraph:
Amidst, therefore, such great perversity of depraved opinions, we, well remembering our Apostolic Office, and very greatly solicitous for our most holy Religion, for sound doctrine and the salvation of souls which is entrusted to us by God, and (solicitous also) for the welfare of human society itself, have thought it right again to raise up our Apostolic voice. Therefore, by our Apostolic authority, we reprobate, proscribe, and condemn all the singular and evil opinions and doctrines severally mentioned in this letter, and will and command that they be thoroughly held by all children of the Catholic Church as reprobated, proscribed and condemned.
Earlier in the encyclical, Pius IX quoted Gregory XVI (Mirari Vos) in calling the liberty of worship and liberty of conscience an “insanity” the idea that “liberty of conscience and worship is each man’s personal right, which ought to be legally proclaimed and asserted in every rightly constituted society; and that a right resides in the citizens to an absolute liberty, which should be restrained by no authority whether ecclesiastical or civil, whereby they may be able openly and publicly to manifest and declare any of their ideas whatever, either by word of mouth, by the press, or in any other way.”
You can see that Pius IX: a) used his Apostolic Authority, b) was defining something pertaining to faith and morals, c) was binding all Catholics to his teaching, d) was using clear and irreformable language. It is certainly an act of the Solemn Magisterium of the Church. It is certainly infallible. (Yet, the Novus Ordo Church teaches many of these condemned doctrines.) Quanta Cura and the Syllabus is teaching “from the chair” of St. Peter.
I am trying to find a definition of “ex cathedra” not a definition of infaillability. Can something issued from the Chair of Peter not be infaillable? Doesn’t a Pope issue all his commands and laws and edicts from the chair? Yet not all are infaillable. Some are merely administrative. Are those from the chair?
The definition is contained in Vatican I’ Pastor Aeternus: The Pope speaks ex cathedra “when, carrying out the duty of the pastor and teacher of all Christians, by virtue of his supreme apostolic authority he defines a doctrine of faith or morals to be held by the universal Church” (Denz. 1839).
Sorry, but the online version of the Cath Encyclopedia says the the Pope WHEN he speaks ex cathedra, that is when… To me it isnt clear if ex cathedra always implies infaillabilty or if it is one condition that must be met for infaillabilty.
I have a catechism from the Brothers of the Christian Schools which simply states that to speak from the chair means “to speak as the successor of St. Peter and with supreme apostolic authority.” It is a very simplified way of stating what N.O.W. submitted about 1 hour ago from Denz 1839.
Thats my understanding. He spoke with his authority. Well I guess the resisters think they can ignore that authority, and question it too.
“Where is it solemnly defined by the Pope’s extraordinary and solemn magisterium, ex cathedra, that only definitions solemnly defined by the Pope’s extraordinary and solemn magisterium, ex cathedra, need be accepted by Catholics, everything else Catholics being able and free to ignore, reject, challenge or disagree with, publicly or privately”? Fair question…….for the SSPX especially.
The R&R crowd, whether they care to admit it or not, hold a position which is heretical. You can examine Denzinger’s Enchiridion Symbolorum, and you can examine the writings of the Saints, and you will not find the idea that The Catholic Church can lead souls into error, coax them into impiety, or in any way be injurious to the salvation of souls. Therefore, in pre-rot catechisms you will find it taught that the Church’s infallibility extends:
“1st) To all revealed truths contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, 2nd) To all truths which, though not formally revealed, yet have an intimate connection with revealed truths. If the Church were not infallible in these truths, it would not guard with fidelity the deposit of revelation. Thus the church pronounces with infallibility: a) Upon theological conclusions, that is, upon truths deduced from revelation by means of reasoning; b) Upon facts relating to dogma, such as the authenticity of the Sacred Books, the legitimacy of this or that council; c) Upon texts containing dogma and having a human origin, that is, it pronounces upon the natural sense of the words which express truth or error; d) Upon the holiness of a deceased canonized person; e) Upon the statutes of a religious order, upon general discipline, and upon the liturgy; f) Upon points of human science which are related to dogma.”
“The Church exercises this infallibility in her twofold way of teaching: the one ORDINARY and daily… the other EXTRAORDINARY and solemn…”
The above was taken from the same catechism mentioned earlier, and somewhat abridged, because I hate to type.
Please take note that the general discipline of the church is infallible, as is the liturgy of the Church. Please also note that the canonization of saints is infallible. Therefore one can be CERTAIN that the Chari of Peter is vacant, because the general discipline of the Novus Ordo is evil, the Novus Ordo Liturgy is evil, the Novus Ordo Canon Law is evil, and the Novus Ordo saints are evil (e.g. Angelo Roncalli, Karol Wojtyla, and Mother Theresa of Calcutta).
•The Novus Ordo is a franchise church with Vatican City being the international headquarters.
•If they had stuck with Latin in the first place they wouldn’t be troubled with all of this angst and handwringing over proper translations.
•It makes no sense to worry about accurate translations by the local synods when the Vatican itself was approving grossly inaccurate translations as long ago as the 1960s.
Perfectly Protestant. The great hate/apostasy continues.
Just another branch of the Lutherans, only hind-quartered in Vatican City.
Or the Church of England, which I consider to have been a test-run 400 years before the real thing.
In the words of Ed McMahon, “You are correct, sir!”
Turn the deceived back on themselves: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8R2nuvatgo
Distorted history or unremembered. The Novus Ordo is just another version of the Vikings, of Cromwell(sic), of Protestantism.
Never fear. I’m sure Burke-Schneider with a dash of Fellay will save the day. Da da do doo dee……
A N.O.W. article on the DEALTH PENALTY would be a good thing to fling in the faces of the Novus Ordo.